Economic and financial analysis

published: 17-10-2018

Economic and financial analysis lies at the crossroad of technical work resulting from on the one hand, engineering, planning and economics and political decision making on the other.


This is a key position which requires not only that analysis be technically rigorous, but also that it be capable of communication and explanation to decision makers in order to satisfy their information needs. In practice, there are several parties involved in the policy or project decision making process. Different parties may view elements of the analysis differently, but at the same time the analysis should be a common reservoir of information from which the parties can draw. Panteia has the experience to draw up the technical elements for carrying out economic and financial appraisals, as well as the ability to communicate this to different stakeholders. The difference between financial and economic analyses is that economic appraisal is for society as a whole and financial appraisal is for private entities.


Panteia’s in-house tools for the transport sector allow us to carry out the process steps that lead to a sound and rigorous economic and financial analysis. To serve this purpose, Panteia has up-to-date cost and capacity figures and regular cost updates that are fed by the transport industry.

In addition to Panteia’s access to cost elements, the benefits can also be appropriately estimated with Panteia’s tools. The transport models and demand databases for passenger and freight are utilised for benefit estimation and for the estimation of external effects (i.e. emission of pollutants, noise, safety, risk analysis). Panteia’s expertise also covers the estimation of indirect effects of infrastructure policies, such as recursive (feedback) loops of positive effects of infrastructure development on the economy. For example, Panteia carried out a risk analysis of different mitigation techniques for derailment strategies on the European railway network (DRAIL-project) and a cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis were carried out to select the most effective strategies.

Furthermore, Panteia is able to scale experimental policies up to a higher level by for example, evaluating a business incentive in different areas, evaluating the number of passenger cars and freight vehicles that stop at a certain section on the road network, through a new intermodal transport concept, such as light-weight rail wagons at European level and by a modal split incentive carried out in one country that can be evaluated at European level by transferring its values.



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